People under Pressure (ABANDONMENT)

One of our researchers, Mgr. Lukáš Holata, Ph.D., gained prestigious MARIE SKŁODOWSKA-CURIE ACTIONS – Individual Fellowships project: People under Pressure: Settlement Abandonment and Human Responses to Environmental and Socio-Economic Stress during the Medieval and Post-Medieval Periods (abbreviation ABANDONMENT). The project will be realised at the University of Exeter (UK) from 1st January 2016 to 31st December 2017.

The ABANDONMENT project explores the pan-European phenomenon of settlement desertion and shrinkage, which occurred especially during the 14th and 17th centuries. Despite considerable attention being paid to this particularly rich aspect of archaeological records (within several disciplines), the process of abandonment still remains poorly understood. The project aims to explore how rural communities and the settlements they lived in responded to socio-economic and environmental stress. The specific objectives are: (a) to determine the processes of settlement shrinkage and abandonment across England; (b) to contextualise changes in settlement patterns within wider transformations of land-use within distinct regions in the longue durée perspective; (c) to explore the cultural and environmental context of settlement evolution (and extinction) across Northern and Central Europe to determine the impact of these factors on communities.